Montessori Education vs. Traditional Education

Key Differences Between Montessori and Traditional

Montessori Education

  • Based on helping the natural development of the human being
  • Children learn at their own pace and follow their own individual interest
  • Children teach themselves using materials specially prepared for the purpose
  • Child is an active participant in learning
  • Understanding comes through the child’s own experiences via the materials and the promotion of children’s ability to find things out for themselves
  • Learning is based on the fact that physical exploration and cognition are linked
  • Child can work where he/she is comfortable, move around, and talk at will while not disturbing others
  • The teacher works in collaboration with the children
  • The child’s individual development brings its own reward and therefore motivation
  • Child works as long as he/she wishes on chosen project
  • Uninterrupted work cycles
  • Mixed age groups
  • Working and learning matched to the social development of the child
  • Shared emphasis on intellectual, social, emotional, and spiritual development
  • Shared focus on the acquisition of academic, social, practical, and life skills

Traditional Education

  • Based on the transfer of a national curriculum
  • Children learn from a set curriculum according to a time frame that is the same for everyone
  • Children are taught by the teacher
  • Child is a passive participant in learning
  • Learning is based on subjects and is limited to what is given
  • Children sit at desks and learn from a whiteboard and worksheets
  • Child is usually assigned own chair and encouraged to sit still and listed during group sessions
  • The class is teacher led
  • Motivation is achieved by a system of reward and punishment
  • Child generally given specific time limit for work
  • Block time, period lessons
  • Same age groups
  • Working and learning without emphasis on the social development of the child
  • Main emphasis on intellectual development
  • Main focus on academics

Parent Testimonials

Council Oak Montessori School